Smoking Tobacco Products and Types

Published on April 5th, 2013 00:00
Tobacco Products

At present there is a great variety of smoking tobacco products on the international market to select from, including cigarettes, cigars, cigarillos, bidis, chuttas and kreteks.

Smoking tobacco products

Cigarette - Any kind of roll of tobacco covered in paper or similar non-tobacco fabric; filter-tipped or untipped, around 8 mm in diameter and 70-120 mm in length.

Cigar - Almost any type of roll of tobacco twisted in leaf tobacco or in any other material containing tobacco.
Types:  small cigars, also known as cigarillos, regular cigars, premium cigars. Certain little cigars are filter tipped and are have a form of a regular cigarette.
Regular cigars are approximately 17 mm in diameter and around 110-150 mm in length.

Bidi - Hand-rolled Indian cigarette, generally sun-dried leaf folded into a conical shape jointly with flaked tobacco and koined with a thread.

Chuttaa - Hand-rolled cigarette used for reverse smoking largely by women in India.

Kretek - Small cigar possessing tobacco about 60%, cloves and cocoa powder. The burning mixture provides a unique flavor and honey taste to the smoke.

Cigarettes and cigars include mixed up tobaccos and the kind of tobacco applied in these products possesses a definitive impact on the physicochemical character of the smoke they generate. The chemical structure of the tobacco leaf is influenced by plant genetics, farming routines, climatic conditions and curing techniques. The classification of the leaf tobacco generally applied in cigarettes is mostly determined by curing methods and tobacco types. For instance, an ordinary system of distinction by the US Department of Agriculture defines six key classes of US tobacco. Every class consists of two or more distinct varieties. Specific types of flue-cured tobacco are no more rapidly recognized, and the type designation generally pertains only to an advertising sphere. Diverse countries can utilize varied classification terms, but the basic rule is similar.

Classification of US tobacco types

Tobacco
Type

Class

Characteristics

Main use

Growing regions

Flue-cured

1

Yellow, blond
bright

95% in cigarettes

Alabama, Florida, Georgia,
South

Fire-cured

2

Light to dark
brown; cured
over open fires

Roll-your-own’cigarettes,
cigars

Kentucky, Tennessee,
Virginia

Light aircured

3A

Burley: cured
without
supplementary
heat

> 90% in cigarettes.

Indiana, Kentucky,
Missouri, North Carolina,
Ohio,Tennessee

Dark aircured

3B

Light to
medium brown

For chewing tobacco and
snuff

Kentucky, Tennessee,
Virginia

Cigar
filler

4

-

For use as
cigar fillers, binders and
wrappers; used for cigars

Indiana, Ohio,
Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico

Cigar
binder

5

-

For use as
cigar fillers, binders and
wrappers; used for cigars

Connecticut,
Massachusetts, Minnesota,
Pennsylvania,
Wisconsin

Cigar
wrapper

6

-

For use as
cigar fillers, binders and
wrappers; used for cigars

Connecticut, Florida,
Georgia, Massachusetts

Miscellaneous

7

-

 

Louisiana

By Joanna Johnson, Staff Writer. Copyright © 2013 tobaccopub.net. All rights reserved.

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