Main Tobacco Curing Methods

Published on October 10th, 2014 00:00
Tobacco Curing Methods

Tobacco is a large herbaceous flowering plant, it is the world's most largely harvested non-food crop and is selected by growers from over 120 countries simply because of its general performance under widely diverse climatic and soil factors to fulfill the requirements of numerous diverse markets.
Generally the tobacco plant grows up from about one to three metres in height and generates 10 to 20 leaves from its main stalk. Much more than 90% of the world's tobacco is cultivated between 40º north and 40º south, even though it can be grown up to 60º north.

An ancient crop of the Americas, tobacco is grown especially for its leaves. On the other hand, for commercial growing the flowers are removed in order help the leaves to grow further down the stem. Distinctions in soil and climate deliver leaves that have particular features and demand distinct techniques of fertilization and the pest control, farming and curing. All tobacco types are part of the Nicotiana genus, even though the major resource of commercial tobacco is Nicotiana Tabacum. Nicotiana Rustica is also cultivated, however not to a higher extend.

Farmers have created a vast range of diverse types, from the small-leaved savory tobaccos to the sizeable, broad-leaved cigar tobaccos. Still, each variety of tobacco is usually identified by the healing method. Curing is the last stage in the tobacco manufacture. After that, the leaves are sold to be converted into a cigarette, cigar or some other smoking product.

During the curing, the moisture content possesses in the tobacco leaf is minimized from 80% to around 20%, thus guaranteeing the tobacco's preservability. Additionally, the diverse strategies of curing also boost the leaf's natural flavor. Because distinct smoking products need leaves with particular properties, the special flavor of each type of tobacco is what decides its appropriateness for use in numerous smoking products. In curing barns tobacco leaves will be dried out within some time. Right after the curing process is finished and the leaf has dried out completely, fresh air is let go into the curing barn, gently moistening the leaves as to permit them to be carried without damaging.

Tobacco grower define four curing methods utilized for curing tobacco intended for commercial purposes, namely: flue-curing, fire-curing, air-curing and sun-curing.

By Joanna Johnson, Staff Writer.
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