About the Tobacco Plant

Published on March 22nd, 2013 00:00
tobacco plant

Tobacco plants are grown from small seeds planted in pallets and harvested in either hothouse or special plant beds. As soon as the plants get to maturity stage they are transplanted to the field. The plant is usually topped to stimulate the nourishing substances the plant absorbs to grow more leaves rather than flowers, which have little economic worth.  This method assures bigger and heavier plants. Right after the plant has been topped it will be collected for its leaves, which are applied in tobacco products as for instance cigarettes, cigars, and chewing tobacco.

The greater part of tobacco leaves are treated with one of the following approaches:

  • air-curing
  • flue-curing
  • fire-curing

All of these approaches decrease the humidity content and boost the color and flavor of the tobacco as required by the certain tobacco products they will be utilized in. The features of the leaves, harvest, and curing process separate tobacco into diverse types.  For instance, In the U.S. the most widespread tobacco types are burley, flue-cured, dark air, dark-fired, and Maryland.

Burley
Burley tobacco is a light air-cured tobacco used mostly for cigarette manufacturing, especially in the most blended cigarettes generally called “American” blends.  Burley has wide leaves, which are gathered by hand and set on a stick for handling.  Tobacco is cured in a natural way within four to eight weeks.  At the end of the curing processes, it acquires a light brown to reddish brown color. In the United States burley tobacco is cultivated mostly in eight states, with Kentucky owning more than 70 % of the crop.

Flue-cured
Flue-cured tobacco is as well used for cigarettes.  The name "flue-cured" is derived from the process of curing where heat was dispersed all through the curing barn. Flue-cured tobacco can be harvested by both machine and hand; however the mechanical growing is considered the widespread method. Flue-cured tobacco is generally grown in North Carolina, Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia, and Florida.  For instance, North Carolina generates more than 75 % of the crop.

Dark Tobacco
Dark air and dark-fired tobacco is generally used for chewing, snuff, cigar, and pipe blends. The plant has heavier and larger leaves, which are collected on the stalk, but permitted to wilt before being positioned on the stick.  Dark air tobacco is cured basically is the same method as burley, just with open sides to allow air to circulate. Dark tobacco is grown in small areas of Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee producing 90 % of the US dark tobacco.

Maryland
Maryland tobacco is used in American blended cigarettes, however generally in particular Swiss cigarette blends. It is light air-cured tobacco, in some part similar to burley as it is collected on the stalk and then air-cured.  This tobacco has straight and large leaf as burley, but it is darker green color. After curing, the leaf acquares diverse shades of brown. Maryland tobacco production is led primarily in five Maryland counties around Washington, D. C. and in Pennsylvania

Read More:
Wikipedia about Tobacco
Britannica about Tobacco
Tobacco: Behind the Smoke
Tobacco – a Plant of Pleasure and Controversy
A Guide in Tobacco Types and Classifications

By Joanna Johnson, Staff Writer.
Copyright © 2013 tobaccopub.net. All rights reserved.

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